Back pain can trouble you to lead a normal life. In any aspect of our lives, we experience this. If you are experiencing back pain, it is best to seek a healthcare provider. There can be a number of reasons why you are experiencing back pain. Initially, it may seem like a normal problem, but without proper treatment, it can have long-lasting adverse effects on health. An underlying condition like kidney stones or endometriosis may be causing your pain.
What is back pain?
Back pain is characterized by discomfort or pain in the back area, The pain can be a particular area, including the upper, middle, and lower regions. It may be mild to severe and acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term). People of all ages can suffer from back pain for a variety of reasons. In the United States, it is estimated that 50 million adults suffer from chronic pain, according to CDC report.
When should you consider going for a health provider?
Seeing a health provider is the best action if you face severe back pain. There are a few situations when you should waste time by going to the doctor.
- Legs feel weak to you because of back pain
- Feelings of numbness or tingling in the legs, buttocks, genitals, or anus.
- You are facing back pain for a longer period and losing weight
- Experiencing inflammation in your back.
- Symptoms include leg pain that spreads down one or both legs.
Most people take initial treatment for back pain. But if you have been facing back pain for over a week, you must consider seeing a doctor. Besides, there are a few situations when you should immediately go to a doctor as soon as possible:
- The pain in your serving gave you a fever
- Your poop contains blood or pus.
- You are experiencing pain when peeing
- If you have bloody or cloudy urine (pee)
- Having irregular periods
- Expiring Pain in the abdomen
- Groin pain.
- Having a stomachache
- A feeling of pain after or during sex
Different Types of Back Pain
Muscle Strain and Sprain
Pain in the back usually feels like a dull ache or soreness. Lifting heavy objects, sudden movements, or poor posture are common causes. You can experience problems if you have done something that has stretched your muscles beyond their limits. A Statista survey found that 29 percent of U.S. adults with back pain attribute their pain to stress.
A spinal disc can press against nearby nerves if it bulges or ruptures. Sciatica refers to pain radiating down the leg. The discomfort can range from mildly irritating to severely debilitating. Herniated discs can be caused by a single excessive strain or injury. Find out more about the herniated disc.
Are you expiring back pain while walking or standing for longer periods?
This type of pain stems from the narrowing of the spinal canal, leading to pressure on the spinal cord and nerves.
Over time, the cartilage between vertebrae wears down, causing bones to rub against each other. This type of back pain is often more noticeable in the morning or after periods of inactivity.
An abnormal curvature of the spine characterizes scoliosis. Mild cases cause minimal discomfort.
Spine pain and stiffness result from this inflammatory condition. Pain is worse in the morning and improves with movement. Over time, ankylosing spondylitis can cause vertebrae to fuse, reducing flexibility.
Nerve root pain causes pain along the nerve pathway, often in the leg or arm. Herniated discs or spinal stenosis are common causes.
Pain originating from other organs, like the kidneys or digestive tract, can sometimes be felt in the back.
What causes back pain?
In addition to local back pain, there are also radiating back pains (back pain caused by a problem in another organ). Examples of both include:
Normal back pain
There are several causes of back pain in your spine, including:
- Spondylitis ankylosing
- Degeneration of the intervertebral disk
- Stenosis of the spine.
- Ligament sprain.
- Muscle strain.
- Tightness in the muscles
- Dysfunction of the sacroiliac joint
- Degeneration of the spinal disks
Radiating back pain
Radiating back pain may be caused by:
- Aneurysms of the abdominal aorta.
- Acute appendicitis.
- Stones in the kidney and kidney infection.
- You have problems with the liver.
- Pelvic inflammatory diseases
- Ulcers perforate the stomach.
- Infections of the urinary tract.
- The presence of cancer cells (rare)
- The syndrome of fibromyalgia and myofascial pain.
- Infections (sporadic).
- Inflammation of the gallbladder.
What are the methods for evaluating and diagnosing back pain?
Most doctors will ask you the necessary questions to determine the cause of your back pain. A quick assessment helps them to understand what could be causing the pain. To understand the issue with your back pain, they will examine your medical history. Additionally, they can ask you for
- Bone scan
- CT scans
What Are The Common Treatment for back pain
There are various types of treatments available for back pain. The most appropriate approach depends on the underlying cause of the pain and the specific symptoms experienced by the individual. Check out what Mayo Clinic recommends for back pain treatment here.
Here are some of the common types of treatments for back pain:
- You have to get adequate rest and avoid activities that worsen your pain.
- Strengthening back muscles and improving flexibility through exercises. To learn more about home remedies for back pain, check here.
- Over-the-counter or prescription drugs to manage pain and inflammation.
- Applying heat or cold packs reduces pain and inflammation.
- Maintaining proper posture, lifting techniques, and weight management.
- Corticosteroid injections to alleviate pain and reduce inflammation.
- Yoga, acupuncture, chiropractic care, and massage for pain relief.
What can I do to help relieve the symptoms of back pain?
Changing your lifestyle, exercising, and planning self-care strategies can help you alleviate back pain. Keep your back muscles and spine healthy by maintaining good posture. Check out this article from Medical News Today for more information.
Applying heat or cold therapy for 15-20 minutes can help reduce inflammation and soothe pain. Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen may provide temporary relief, but consult a healthcare provider before using them. Ensure your workspace and home are ergonomically designed to support your back properly. Maintaining a healthy weight is crucial, as excess weight can exacerbate back pain.
Can I resume my normal activities after experiencing back pain?
There is no exact answer to the question. First, find the cause and treatment of your back pain. You should discuss a timeline with your healthcare provider regarding when you can resume daily activities.
How should I sleep with back pain?
According to Mayo Clinic, you can reduce back pain by using a pillow under your knees. Focus on optimizing your sleep environment for more restful sleep despite back pain. If you’re a back sleeper, place a pillow under your knees. On the other hand, if you’re a side sleeper, put one between your knees to align your hips. Avoid sleeping on your stomach to prevent strain on your neck and back.
It can be hard on your back to sleep on your stomach. If possible, try sleeping in a different position. Put a pillow under your hips and lower your stomach if you can’t sleep any other way. You can use a pillow under your head if it doesn’t strain your back too much.